What is a Concussion?
A concussion, also known as a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to either the head or the body that causes the brain to move rapidly inside the skull. A concussion changes how the brain normally functions.
Concussions are a major component of what the Brain Injury Research Institute studies. Concussions can have serious and long-term health effects, and even a seemingly mild 'ding' or a bump on the head can be serious.
Signs and symptoms of concussion include headache, nausea, fatigue, confusion or memory problems, sleep disturbances, or mood changes; symptoms are typically noticed right after the injury, but some might not be recognized until days or weeks later.
How many sports concussions occur each year?
An estimated 1.6-3.8 million sports- and recreation-related concussions occur in the United States each year.
During 2001-2005, children and youth ages 5-18 years accounted for 2.4 million sports-related emergency department (ED) visits annually, of which 6% (135,000) involved a concussion.
In what sports are concussions most often reported?
In organized high school sports, concussions occur more often in competitive sports, with football accounting for more than 60% of concussions.
For males, the leading cause of high school sports concussion is football; for females the leading cause of high school sports concussion is soccer.
Among children and youth ages 5-18 years, the fi ve leading sports or recreational activities which account for concussions include: bicycling, football, basketball, playground activities, and soccer.
What is known about sports concussion risk and recovery?
High school athletes' recovery times for a sports concussion are longer than college athletes' recovery times.
High school athletes who sustain a concussion are three times more likely to sustain a second concussion.
Lack of proper diagnosis and management of concussion may result in serious long-term consequences, or risk of coma or death.
What should you do if you think you or your child has had a concussion?
Seek medical attention right away.
- A health care professional will be able to decide when it is safe to return to sports.
Do not return to play with a known or suspected concussion until evaluated and given permission by an appropriate health care professional.
- Second concussions that occur before you have recovered can be very serious.
Tell your coach or child's coach about any recent concussions.
- According to CDC estimates, 1.6-3.8 m sports and recreation related concussions occur each year in the U.S.
- 10% of all contact sport athletes sustain concussions yearly.
- Brain injuries cause more deaths than any other sports injury. In football, brain injuries account for 65% to 95% of all fatalities. Football injuries associated with the brain occur at the rate of one in every 5.5 games. In any given season, 10% of all college players and 20% of all high school players sustain brain injuries.
- 87% of professional boxers have sustained a brain injury.
- 5% of soccer players sustain brain injuries as a result of their sport.
- The head is involved in more baseball injuries than any other body part. Almost half of the injuries involve a child's head, face, mouth or eyes.
- An athlete who sustains concussion is 4-6 times more likely to sustain a second concussion.
- Effects of concussion are cumulative in athletes who return to play prior to complete recovery.
- Up to 86% of athletes that suffer a concussion will experience Post-Traumatic Migraine or some other type of headache pain. In fact, recent evidence indicates that presence and severity of headache symptoms may be a very significant indicator of severity of head injury and help guide return to play decisions.
- 1.5 million Americans suffer from traumatic brain injuries
- A traumatic brain injury occurs every 15 seconds
- It's the number one cause of death in children and young adults
- Fewer than 1 in 20 will get the facts they need
- It causes 1.5 times more deaths than AIDS